Multi Organ Transplant
The procedure where the organ is taken from a healthy living being in order to replace the diseased organ of the patient so that it functions properly. The transplanted organs are those organs that cannot be treated with the help of any medical drugs or with any kind of surgeries. The different organs that can be transplanted are kidneys, intestine, lungs, pancreas, heart and liver. The different tissue that can be both transplanted and donated are bone marrow, skin, heart, middle ear, tendons and the valves.
Organ Transplant Process
Different factors are considered for organ matching and allocation
The matching criterion consists of-
- The relative distance between the recipient and the donor
- The size of the organs needed and blood type
- The time spent awaiting the transplant
Factors to be considered before organ matching
- It is important to know whether the recipient is an adult or a child
- The medical urgency of the recipient
- The degree of the immune system should match between the recipient and donor
Organ Donation Facts
The organ can be donated by-
- Anyone above 18 years of age can become an organ donor
- If the organ is donated after death, then a detailed medical assessment is done to decide which organ can be successfully donated.
- The conditions that can exclude the organ donation are HIV, severe infections, kidney disease, heart disease and any type of Cancer.
Both living and brain dead can be organ donors. The person who received an injury either pathological or traumatic to that specific part of the brain that controls the process of breathing and heartbeat, the person is declared as brain dead. The brain dead person is suitable for organ donation.
Living Donor: A living donor could be a family member like parents, brother or sister. A living donor can donate renewable cells, fluid or tissues. The living donor can also donate small bowel, a partial donation of liver and a single kidney.
Deceased Donor: These are those donors who are declared as brain dead and their organs are kept workable in ventilators till the time they can be used for transplantation.